Potentiodynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of lead upd on polycrystalline gold and on selenium atomic underlayer
A.S. Bondarenko, G.A. Ragoisha, N.P. Osipovich, E.A. Streltsov
Electrochem. Commun. 7 (2005) 631-636.
Belarusian State University, Minsk 220050, Belarus
Keywords: electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, PDEIS, Faradaic impedance, double layer capacitance, Warburg constant, impedance of adsorption, underpotential deposition, ac response in reversible and irreversible upd, lead, selenium, atomic bilayer, phase transition in atomic layer, electrochemical atomic layer epitaxy, ECALE
Pb upd on polycrystalline Au and on Au coated with Se atomic layer was investigated by potentiodynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Faradaic and double layer responses have disclosed two distinct stages in Pb upd on Au: a partly irreversible stage, attributed to formation and growth of Pb 2D islands, and a reversible phase transition in the final stage of a monolayer deposition. The completion of a continuous monolayer formation in the potential scan was signalised by a sharp minimum in double layer pseudocapacitance Qdl. Pb2+ reduction, which was monitored concurrently by parameters of Faradaic response, continued shortly after the Qdl minimum and showed sharp maxima of adsorption capacitance and inverse Warburg constant at 40 mV below Qdl minimum. This was explained by surface free energy minimisation that forced continuous atomic layer formation with inclusion of some lead cations into Pb monolayer. The two-stage Pb upd transformed into a single-stage strongly irreversible upd as a result of Se atomic underlayer deposition on Au.
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See also: PDEIS of Te-Cu-Pb atomic three-layer assembly.
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